In one of my previous article, I discussed Top 15 must-know CLI commands for every Linux user and we are going to discuss Top 10 Best Command Line Networking Utilities in Windows.
Windows comes along with lots of built-in tools for networking and some of which can only be accessed by the command line interface. We are now going to see some most useful and important networking utilities that every networking aspirant should have to be familiar with.
The ping is the most common and often used network utility, which is used to test the communication between the one network host to another host.
To use the ping command simply give the hostname or IP address along with the ping and if there is no problem to connect with the remote host it will respond with four packets and if these four packets are received that means the valid communication path between these two hosts exists.
Ipconfig is also the one of the most used network utility and you must be already familiar with it but when you discuss networking utilities you just can’t ignore the ipconfig.
It is basically used for finding the complete network information of your local machine such as IP address, subnet mask, default gateway.
Using the –help argument shows you extra information and features that this tool has to offer.
As the name suggest NetStat means Network Statistics simply using the netstat command will result into the information and statistics about protocols in use and current TCP/IP network connections.
But this is not just the use of netstat it also has many uses and you can also discover them by –help argument along with netstat,
for example, if you want the network summary of device you can use netstat -e
The ARP stands for address resolution protocol which is used to map the IP address to the mac(media access control) address of the device, which is usually used for packet delivery.
The device maintain the ARP cache, which contains the results of recent ARP queries in the form of tables, You can see the contents of this cache by using the arp -a.
You can add -v option along with arp -a which displays current ARP entries in verbose mode. All invalid entries and entries on the loop-back interface will be shown.
To obtain the complete help menu of arp command you can simply type the arp in command prompt or arp –help.
The computer name is sometimes referred to as the NetBIOS name.
The Nbtstat command is used when you need to display the NetBIOS over TCP/IP protocol statistics. The Nbtstat command can also be used to display NetBIOS name tables for both local and remote computers. The Nbtstat command can also be used to display the NetBIOS name cache, which will show you all of the NetBIOS names that have recently been associated with a specific IP address.
You can use Nbtstat with many arguments which will result accordingly,
Such as nbtstat -n shows how many NetBIOS names the device has been able to resolve recently.
If you want to see the route packet takes from the device to the destination(remote host)
Then the tracert command comes within picture simply give the hostname or IP address along with tracert command it will result in you the complete path of the packet taken to reach the destination.
Nslookup is a network command-line tool available for querying the Domain Name System (DNS) to obtain domain name or IP address mapping or for any other specific DNS record.
Simply you can type the nslookup command in command prompt and it will display the name and IP address of the device’s default DNS server.
Also, there are other many arguments associated with nslookup commands and there uses accordingly, for example, if you want to see the MX(mail exchanger)records of the remote host use -type=mx following with hostname.
To direct the packets in the network the Ip networking uses the Routing tables, and basically to access that Routing table the route command is used to view the Routing table you can give command Route print it will display the routing table.
Not only you can view the Routing table but can change the values of it if needed using route command simply type route and it will give you the full menu of the options supported by it.
As we have seen above the commands ping and tracert which tests connectivity and path of route respectively but it needs to check them with differently, here the pathping command will work for you if you want to combine results of both commands at once go with the pathping along with the hostname or IP Address.
Taskkill is used to kill or end any process running in your device although it is a very common tool but its importance in the network management is a lot more and that some of you might be knowing remaining will come to know later.
The utility is used to kill any task running by simply adding the PID(process ID) or process name to the taskkill command and to see the list of processes running you can use tasklist command.
Here we come to the end of the some most useful and important networking utilities that every networking aspirant must know. And to know more about the command line utilities discussed above I will only say keep experimenting with those commands.
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